Assessment is the systematic collection of information about student learning to inform decisions about how to improve learning.
The following three types of information are used to assess student learning.
Direct indicators of student learning (outcomes) require students to demonstrate their learning through, for example, essays, capstone projects, demonstrations, presentations, oral accounts, and so on.
Indirect indicators of student learning (perceptions) ask students to reflect on their learning through, for example, surveys, focus groups, interviews, and so on.
Institutional and tribal community data do not necessarily indicate student learning, but do reflect the overall condition and effectiveness of the college. These data include, for example, retention, graduation, enrollment, and transfer trends in the following reports: